The scientific basis for the nutrition engine is the Mediterranean Diet (MD). There is a large body of solid scientific evidence that recommends the health advantages of the MD. Adherence to the MD results in an improvement of risk factors such as insulin resistance, high blood pressure, and blood sugar or impaired blood lipids. Eating and drinking according to the MD is also associated with a reduction in morbidity and mortality from major chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. Another advantage of the MD is that it is easy to follow. It can be administered in all Western cultures. In general, dishes are easy to prepare and ingredients are readily available and affordable. Furthermore, the MD is to be increasingly found in restaurants and cafes. Finally, the MD is not only healthy, but also tasty, varied and appealing. From a scientific perspective, the MD provides the basis for an ideal approach to healthy eating and drinking, and there is an excellent probability of it being implemented in a sustained way.
The MD is a construct based on foods traditionally eaten in Mediterranean countries. Nevertheless, the MD is not necessarily limited to that region. The principle of the MD is to use fresh, seasonal and minimally processed food, to adhere to a plant-based diet rather than an animal-based one, and to prepare dishes in a healthy way. This is achievable in all cultures.